Those intending to install a public or private charging station or a battery swapping station in Kenya are required to apply for a license from the Energy and Regulatory Authority (EPRA).
In addition, those setting up a public or private charging station or a battery swapping station are required to have theircharging equipment certified by the Kenya Bureau of Standards.
This are among requirements by Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging and Battery Swapping Infrastructure Guidelines, 2023, announced by EPRA.
EPRA’s Director General, Daniel Kiptoo says the guidelines are expected to protect consumers from inflated charging costs by setting maximum mark-ups that can be applied to different vehicles including buses, cars and motorbikes.
Electric mobility (e-mobility) is one of the focus areas in Kenya’s National Climate Change Action Plan (2018-2022). Kenya’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target is to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by 32% by 2030.
The transport sector directly accounts for about 13% of the total emissions and growing, hence the need to shift to more sustainable, healthier and environmentally friendly modes of transport such as electric vehicles.
Speaking during the launch, Kiptoo said: “These guidelines add to the milestones that have already been achieved by the government in the e-mobility agenda.
“Overall, they ensure that charging infrastructure is accessible to all including persons with disability, are affordable, that they are placed along major highways for long distance travellers and that there are guidelines for home charging ports among others.”
The guidelines will provide an adoption framework that is aimed at contributing positively to investments in e-mobility and instil confidence in its uptake.
“The guidelines go beyond providing a framework for charging ports and battery swapping stations to giving investors the confidence derived in knowing what is required of them during instalment. They also guide on the quality of infrastructure that is installed, ensuring that consumers safety and ease of access is provided,” said Kiptoo.
Looking at benefits to the wider energy sector, Energy and Petroleum, Cabinet Secretary, Davis Chirchir, said electric mobility has the potential to increase how efficiently we consume electricity, ensuring that idle capacity is utilised during the off-peak period.
“We have noted that about 70% of charging by most electric buses and motorbikes is done during the off-peak period. Going by July 2023 data, the country has an available capacity of 2,254 megawatts against a peak demand of 2,164 megawatts and a demand of about 1,230 megawatts during off-peak hours. This innovation takes us a step closer to energy efficiency, where more power is consumed during off peak times,” Chirchir said.